The Internet of Things (IoT) is reshaping the world of home automation as we know it, and as you can imagine, the demand for IoT will continue to grow. We are more connected than ever through devices, and wireless data sharing is becoming integral to global communications. 5G and its impact on IoT now and in the future are even more exciting. 5G is fundamental to the expansion of connectivity, and the expansion over the next decade will lead to major advances in technology and business.
What is 5G?
5G is the fifth generation of mobile networks, and its adoption could affect mobile phones, cars, homes and smart cities. 5G uses a wider range of radio frequencies, which opens up more possibilities when it comes to connectivity. The lower range is the sub-6 GHz category, which includes frequencies between 600 MHz and 6 GHz.
This low frequency band is used by some 4G/LTE services found in phones, TVs, Wi-Fi and other commercially supported technologies. However, unlike 4G/LTE, 5G can reach over 6 GHz, sometimes even up to 86 GHz. This higher bandwidth allows more data to be transferred at higher transfer rates.
2G/3G networks are becoming obsolete, and while 4G enables things like HD video streaming and faster web browsing speeds, 5G pushes the limits of smartphones and other smart technologies. In general, 5G offers better performance when it comes to connectivity.
Advantages of 5G and IoT
IoT, communications and devices that use sensors, software and other technologies to optimize processes include commerce, telecommunications and more. It contributes a lot to the function. IoT requires security, consistency and accuracy to be useful to people, especially when it comes to business. 5G has many advantages that contribute to IoT reliability and performance.
Improved data transfer rates
As mentioned above, 5G will be up to 10 times faster than previous mobile networks. Although not the only factor, the speed of communication and data exchange between devices has a significant impact on the efficiency of IoT technologies. Reliable communication between tablets, mobile phones, software and applications is essential in many industries in modern society.
Programs run better, information is organized and data is more accessible. Every customer will have a better user experience, and businesses can trust that large amounts of data are flowing seamlessly from their sensors and devices.
The capacity of the device has increased.
By 2030, it is estimated that more than 50 billion devices will be used in IoT technology. As the number of devices continues to grow worldwide, today's networks do not have the bandwidth to support the expected exponential growth. The bandwidth of 5G is much higher, so the capacity of the device is also higher. IoT is about device connectivity and collaboration for both M2M and LPWAN networks.
A home can have tens of smart home devices and an enterprise can have hundreds of smart devices. 5G is an important part of building advanced IoT technologies because it has the ability to sustainably manage billions of devices.
Latency is the time it takes for a device to respond to an action or request. Delays can make remote or high-precision tasks difficult. Low latency means data is transmitted in real time with high accuracy. Real-time responses can be a matter of life and death in some industries such as surgical care, automated vehicles, telematics, etc. Even among ordinary consumers, smart cars demand precision. Low latency is convenient and secure, so 5G IoT is essential for development now and in the future.
Current 5G IoT applications
5G in IoT today will improve communication and support IoT at scale. 5G will improve all areas beyond personal phones. Augmented and virtual reality experiences are possible with low latency. Remote control of vehicles and procedures is safer and more accurate. Scaling is much easier with a large number of IoT devices. Here are some examples of 5G IoT applications by industry:
Manufacturing and factories: 5G enables production lines to use robotic technology to reduce labor and increase efficiency. Manufacturers can minimize downtime and manage problems in real-time with more accurate sensors used throughout the factory.
Traffic: Automated vehicles, real-time traffic information, driver assistance systems, and roadside sensors rely on 5G to transmit data accurately. This leads to safer roads, smarter drivers, and more protected lives.
Security: Video surveillance is enhanced by 5G IoT applications, such as superior surveillance through wireless connectivity, more accurate and timely security alerts, and lower costs. IoT technology using 5G makes it easier to protect assets and facilities.
Broadcasting: Live video has benefited from 5G enabled devices. Broadcasters can manage their networks without relying on wireless carriers, allowing users to watch live content on mobile devices seamlessly. Feed can be shipped directly to the production center, reducing costs and increasing crew efficiency. Low latency and fast data transfer make live video much more reliable.
Logistics: Asset tracking is important in cargo delivery and management and will improve how 5G IoT sensors are tracked. 5G means better communication with the cloud, tracking the temperature and location of items, and precise data transfer between all mobile parts of logistics technology.